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Image by John Thomas

BLACK BEAR FOODS

Black Bear Diet

Black bears are omnivores.  Insects and animal matter are less than 10% of the annual black bear diet around Ely and across most of North America.

Vegetation is the mainstay of a black bear’s diet. They follow different nutrient concentrations, eating different plants and plant parts in different seasons. For example, they eat Aspen Catkins in April and Aspen leaves in May.

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All seasons

American Vetch
American Vetch

Spring, Summer

Aspen - Big-Tooth, Quaking or Trembling
Aspen - Big-Tooth, Quaking or Trembling

Late Winter, Spring

Beaked Hazel, American Hazel - Nuts
Beaked Hazel, American Hazel - Nuts

Summer, Autumn

Bunchberry
Bunchberry

Summer

Animal Protein
Animal Protein

Spring

Baneberry - Red and White
Baneberry - Red and White

Never Eaten

Black Ash
Black Ash

Late Winter

Canada Bluejoint
Canada Bluejoint

Spring

Ant Pupae/Brood
Ant Pupae/Brood

Late Spring to Late Summer

Beaked Hazel, American Hazel - Flower Parts
Beaked Hazel, American Hazel - Flower Parts

Late Winter

Bluebead Lily
Bluebead Lily

Never Eaten

Cattail
Cattail

Spring, Summer

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